Members of the A4L Network have developed the following kinds of resources:

  • Design Patterns developed by our community that serve as illustrative examples, along with brief descriptions of what a Design Pattern (DP) looks like and how it used.
  • Worked Examples to make the process of measuring and using measures more transparent. They address key and often not well documented aspects of the measurement process.

The following design patterns and worked examples have been developed by the A4L Community and are in a regular state of development.


Please use the following format for citing any of these works:
Author Last Name, Author First Name Initial. (2017). A4L Design Pattern: and Worked Example [NAME OF CONSTRUCT]. Retrieved from

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